Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, army officer, the first President of Turkey and the ‘Father of the Turks’, died on 10 November 1938 – he was 57.
Such was Ataturk’s influence pn Turkey that at 9.05am every 10th of November, the people in Turkey pause in silence for a minute to remember Ataturk.
Here is a newspaper obituary of Ataturk that was published on 11 November 1938.
WORLD LEADERS AD PRESS PAY TRIBUTE TO ATATÜRK
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
John F. KENNEDY, President of the United States of America
Washington D.C., November 10, 1963 on the 25th Commemoration of Ataturk’s death
In connection with the permanent memorial facility for Kemal Atatürk, I take pride in presenting my congratulations to Turkey. Your great country that is advancing on the course that he demonstrated has obtained very significant successes. This ceremony that is being held to commemorate the memory of Atatürk, the architect of progress and Turkish unity, is a very appropriate respect to a person who became a source of inspiration to free peoples throughout the world.
Dwight D. Eisenhower, President of the United States of America
During a conversation with the Foreign Affairs Minister of the Soviet Union, Litvinov, I asked him who was, according to him, the most valuable and remarkable statesman of Europe. He replied that, the most valuable and interesting leader in the world was the President of the Turkish Republic, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk.
Franklin D. ROOSEVELT (U.S. President, 1928)
One of the most talented leaders of the after war period.
New York Times
From the stage of the world passed one of the most attentive and attractive men of history.
He had an embracing-like extraordinary leadership strength. He was vigilant, energetic, and intelligent.
Gladys Baker (Reporter)
The death of Atatürk, who saved Turkey during the war and revived the Turkish nation, is not only a loss for his country, but it is also a great loss for Europe. The sincere tears that people from all classes have shed, are nothing more then the true reflection of this great man – the Father of the modern Turkey.
The sincere tears shed after him by all classes of people is nothing other than an appropriate manifestation to this great hero and modern Turkey’s Ata.
Winston CHURCHILL, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1938)
We meet genius people very rarely in centuries. It is so unlucky that, in this century that great genius person belongs to the Turkish Nation.
The centuries rarely produce a genius. Look at this bad luck of ours, that great genius of our era was granted to the Turkish nation.
Lloyd George, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Atatürk was one of the greatest statesman of everyone who has lived and died throughout history. At no time did he dwell on the period in which he lived, he would see the future and accordingly would carry out a task.
Lord Patrick Kinross
Ataturk is one of the leading statesmen of the after war period. He formed a class on his own and he was unique from all points. The Fortnightly
Europe has lost one of the few creative statesmen that have appeared after the war. Spectator
In our age no name has created such great respect, as has done the name Atatürk. Observer
England salutes the great man, that England has known first as a brave and noble enemy, then as a faithful friend. Sunday Times
He was a no-like other statesman. He achieved works that dictators, who could not endure the free order, did not and could not achieve. Word Price
Atatürk was a head, which waved like a Turkish Flag in the Turkish People’s soul. Daily Telegraph
Having not pondered in vain with old sciences, Atatürk was a fresh and brave thinking leader. As we can say that Atatürk is today’s strongest Statesman of Europe, he’s without doubt the most brave and original of all statesmen. Herbert Sidebotham (Writer)
Atatürk has left Turkey without a single enemy. This is something that no other state leader of our time has succeeded in doing.
German Volkischer Beobachter Journal
He is not a simple dictator who is after personal benefit and glory, but a hero who is trying hard to lay a solid foundation for generations to come.
Prof. Walter L. WRIGHT Jr.
By looking at his piece of work, which is Turkey, one could judge his historical greatness. This true people’s leader and statesman who has united his iron will and zeal, his intelligence seeing the future and his wisdom, has brought a very different soul to the villages of the far and desolate corners of the Anatolian mountains.
By maintaining an affection for his people and for mankind and the world, Ataturk shows an exciting stage to the world about what a genius can create.
Because of the 25th year of Atatürk’s death, I want to express the feelings of loyal friendship felt for the Turkish nation by the French nation. Today, Turkish history even more than ever is inseparable from Western and European history. Atatürk’s efforts in this direction were not left without results. The friendship between our countries that has surpassed hundreds of years, has formed the foundation for this development.
Charles de GAULLE, President of France
All of mankind’s signs appear immediately in him. Noelle Journal
He was a great man… a political genius. Excelsior Journal
One of the world’s modern, greatest figures. Le Jour-Echo de Paris
The Turks who are the most loyal of all nations, will never forget that Atatürk was a savior of the nation. Noell Roger Journal
In the great man standing in front of me… there could be no doubt in his words.
Claude Farrer (Writer)
Today’s Turks… who terrified Europe centuries ago… are standing next to this great master, with a strong and energetic Turkey.
Pierre Dominique (Journalist)
The man who hanged the centuries!… France, Paris media
The work that Ataturk has achieved, with intelligent and peaceful methods, will leave traces in the history of mankind.
Albert LEBRUN (French President)
In a country where all the actual ranks have been removed, this man has won all the ranks. In that country, the most respectful name has been given to him.
Marcel Sauvage (Journalist)
This could be presented to mankind as an example of untested philosophy. Atatürk has done in ten years, the work that could take centuries.
Gerrad Tongas (Writer)
Atatürk has shown the miracle of modernizing a nation in a few years.
It can be said that without him, the Islamic world would have waited another fifty years to find its way.
He looks like a great mountain. The ones living on its foot cannot see that greatness. In order to grasp the greatness of this mountain, one must look at it from far away.
Claude FARRER (French Writer)
He was a man of great ideas, a state architect.
Neue Freie Presse, Vienna
Atatürk is such a man that, he does not dream. He knows what he wants, he does what he knows, and he does not want something that he cannot do.
Krippel (Austrian sculptor)
Atatürk is the man who created the biggest truth of the twentieth century.
Atatürk is the only statesman who has served his people in that magnitude, in such a short time.
Libre Belgique Journal
Ataturk is an elder and father of the entire Asian continent.
The people of China, we all are in mourning with Turkey. The death of the leader of a great nation, who was much loved by the Turkish people, has not only left an emptiness and void for Turkey, but also for our continent, and the world.
Mustafa Kemal is the heart of a new Turkey. He has built a strong new country from a worn-out nation, and with his unequaled character and energy, he has earned the respect and trust of everyone.
Ma Shao-Cheng (Writer)
If history had a heart, it surely would be jealous of Mustafa Kemal.
Tchang Yang Yee Pan Newspaper, 1958
Atatürk was the giant-like sign of character and talent. He was the man who created the twentieth century’s most splendid event.
National Tidence Journal
Atatürk was an extraordinarily talented statesman, one of the most important figures of post-war history.
Hufvud Stadbladet Journal
Turkey is in possession of a genius man that friends and foes are astounded with. Katimerini
In the life of a nation it is very seldom that changes to such a radical degree were carried out in such a short period of time… Without a doubt, those who have done these extraordinary activities have earned the attributes of a great man in the complete sense of the word. And because of this, Turkey can be proud of itself. (October 31, 1933)
Eleutherios Venizelos, Prime Minister of Greece
Kemal Atatürk or Kemal Pasha by which name we knew him in those times, was my hero during my youth. I was very moved when I read about his great reforms. I met with great praise the general efforts made by Atatürk on the course of modernizing Turkey. His dynamism, undauntedness and unawareness of fatigue created a great effect on people. He was one of the builders of the modern age in the orient. I continue to be among his greatest admirers.
Jawaharlal Nehru, Prime Minister of India
One of the greatest men that the world has ever seen.
Star of India
Atatürk was not only the Turkish people’s leader, but also he was the leader of all the people who fought for their freedom. Under his directives, you have gained your freedom. We too have followed that route to gain our freedom.
Mrs. Sucheta KRIPALANI (The President of the Indian Parliament Delegation)
Men like Atatürk are not born for just one generation, nor are they born for just one period. They are persons who will reign during centuries over people with their leadership.
Atatürk did not stay as a great chief of a heroic people. At the same time, he has become mankind’s biggest child.
The world has lost of the most attention calling man of our era.
Without doubt, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk is one of the greatest statesmen that during the 20. Century and before the war has ever arisin; he has been a brave and great reformist that no other people have ever known.
Ben GURION (Israel Prime Minister 1963)
Kemal Atatürk is not only one of the greatest leaders of this century. We in Pakistan see him as one of the greatest men of all times who has lived and died. He is not only the beloved leader of your country. All the Moslems in the world have turned their eyes to him with feelings of love and admiration.
Muhammed Ayub Khan, President of Pakistan
Had he not been, modern Turkey wouldn’t have been. Thanks to him, the Turks will follow his extraordinary work and they’ll promote higher their already high honour in the world.
Nya Dagligt Journal
I salute by bowing my head with my deep respects to this Greatest Man of our history, the one who created Turkey. Professor Morrf
He was not only a soldier, but also a genius that our century will never see again. Professor Sekretan
At the head of a state that he created with his people’s absolute trust till the end of his life, the personality of this glorious commander is the example of a unique character.
With his superior will, his inexhaustible bravery and unique discernment, he has brought down his opponents to their knees. In three years, his virtue and seriousness have brought to his country not only a military, but also a full and satisfactory political victory too. F. Perrone Di San Martino (Writer)
With the death of Atatürk, an extremely strong figure that was a primary element in the development of the Near-East has disappeared. Tribuna Journal
A confusing and an attractive person. Great as a soldier, greater as a statesman. Japan Times
The greatest leader that the Small Asia has put forward since a century. The Japan Chronicle
Ataturk has been the first man in our century to prove the historical fact which is, “there is nothing that can not be done.” Esti Ujsag.Magjar
The world has become destitute with the death this great man, the hero of war and peace. Pester Lioyd Journal
I compare Turkey to a beehive and all the Turks to diligent bees looking out for honey. Like the bees who try to gather around their master, the whole Turkish People has gathered around the great genius Mustafa Kemal. Professor M. Zaajti Franes
In our times, it is Atatürk who brought Turkey to its current status as a modern republic with his farsighted and courageous political, social and economic reforms. At the same time, it was also he that prepared the foundation of the modern economy that will ensure today Turkey’s attaining the strength to be able to enter the European Economic Community.
Joseph Luns, Minister of Foreign Affairs, the Netherlands
Atatürk will remain as one of the greatest men of his country in history. Le Morgen Bladet Journal
There is no domain where his creative and vivacious patriotism has not got into action. Gazeta Polska
The ruling of an experienced president who’s fame has spread all over the world, has strengthened with continuing success the independence of the great Turkish people, who have attracted the love and respect of everyone, and have created a new national structure.
Soviet Prime Minister KALININ
We are indebted to him for the birth of the first republic in the Near and Middle East. This Republic showed the way for the wars of national freedom for many nations. Under Atatürk’s administration, Turkey’s international authority advanced and his country started to play an important role in world politics.
Nikita S. Khrushchev, President of the Soviet Union
Mustafa Kemal was not a socialist. But it can be perceived that he is a good organizer, with great understanding, progressive, with good thoughts and an intelligent leader. He is carrying out a war of independence against those plunderers. I am believing that he will break the pride of the imperialists and that he will beat the Sultan together with his friends. ( 1921 )
Vladimir llyich LENIN, Leader of the Russian Revolution
ILLNESS AND DEATH
During 1937, indications that Atatürk’s health was worsening started to appear. In early 1938, while he was on a trip to Yalova, he suffered from a serious illness. He went to İstanbul for treatment, where he was diagnosed with cirrhosis of the liver. During his stay in İstanbul, he made an effort to keep up with his regular lifestyle for a while. He died on 10 November 1938, at the age of 57, in the Dolmabahçe Palace, where he spent his last days. The clock in the bedroom where he died is still set to the time of his death, 9:05 in the morning.
Atatürk’s funeral called forth both sorrow and pride in Turkey, and 17 countries sent special representatives, while nine contributed armed detachments to the cortège. Mustafa Kemal’s remains were originally laid to rest in the Ethnography Museum of Ankara, and transferred on 10 November 1953, 15 years after his death in a 42-ton sarcophagus, to a mausoleum that overlooks Ankara, Anıtkabir.
In his will, Atatürk donated all of his possessions to the Republican People’s Party, providing that the yearly interest of his funds would be used to look after his sister Makbule and his adopted children, and fund the higher education of the children of İsmet İnönü. The remainder of this yearly interest was willed to the Turkish Language Association and the Turkish Historical Society.
Remember Atatürk, The Great Leader